one Lack of additional lighting
Light is necessary for the proper growth and development of plants. With a decrease in daylight hours, natural light decreases, which can adversely affect some varieties of indoor flowers. Usually it looks like this: the stems begin to stretch strongly, the leaves and inflorescences turn pale and fall off. Light-loving varieties feel this especially sharply: for example, roses, orchids, cacti.
To make the plants feel good, move the pots from the north or west windowsill to the south, if the layout allows. Regular washing and wiping of windows will also help. Finally, artificial supplementary lighting with a phytolamp can be provided.
2 Placement next to batteries
In autumn, the heating season begins, and the air in the room becomes drier. Houseplants are especially sensitive to this: the leaves become smaller, sometimes grow uneven, dry around the edges, and the flowers fall off. It is categorically impossible to put planters with moisture-loving varieties near the batteries.
It is difficult to help a plant that is constantly near the radiator: neither frequent watering nor spraying will bring a stable effect. To correct the situation, move the pot to another lighted place. If this is not possible, place the plant on a tray of water and gravel, or at least move the planter to the edge of the windowsill, away from the hot air. Also, if there is a desk or dining table nearby, you can rearrange the flower there.
3 Wrong watering
Many varieties of plants fall into hibernation in autumn, slow down or even stop their growth, stop flowering. This is necessary in order for the flower to gain strength before the new season. At this time, it is customary for a number of plants to reduce watering, helping them enter a state of suspended animation and winter comfortably.
If you neglect this rule and continue to moisten the soil as before, unpleasant consequences may occur: for example, soil rotting or the appearance of a fungus. This is because in autumn there is less sunlight on the flower, the air temperature is lower, and moisture evaporates longer than in summer. The second trouble that can happen due to frequent moisture in the fall is the depletion of the plant. Abundant watering will push the flower to further growth and prevent it from “falling asleep”. Because of this, he will not be able to recover and gain strength.
four Frequent top dressing
Fertilization is also suspended in autumn. The reason is all in the same period of rest. What will happen if you fertilize as intensively as in summer? The plant will continue to grow and develop, may even bloom. But then unexpected consequences will come: a decrease in daylight hours will lead to the fact that it simply will not find the strength to preserve colors. All of them will fall, not having time to blossom. Another option is also possible: some of the flowers and young shoots will remain in place, but the mature leaves will begin to crumble, due to which the branches will remain half naked. The plant, throwing all its forces into the preservation and development of the flower, will actually exist to the detriment of itself and may not survive this period at all.
5 Regular long airing
Fresh air in the room is necessary, but some plants do not like frequent airing in the cold season. This is especially true of tropical varieties like orchids. A constant flow of air from the street can affect the microclimate around the flower, lower the temperature, and create drafts. Many indoor flowers categorically do not tolerate this and can shed some of the leaves or even die. Of course, you should not refuse fresh air, but for the time that the window is open, it is better to rearrange the planter with the plant to another window sill.