It is unprofitable for owners of a variety of indoor plants to buy bags of ready-made soil for each flower. It is easier to purchase the main components: peat, sand, leaf and sod land, humus — and mix them in different proportions. At the same time, the components purchased at the flower shop can be immediately mixed, and the components assembled independently must be disinfected. Biological preparations, freezing or heating are used for disinfection. About the details — further in the material.
one Soil for aloe, begonia and cyclamen
For houseplants whose roots are located close to the surface, light soil is needed. It allows air to pass through and does not press down on the shoots, allowing them to grow in the right direction. Therefore, the same substrate is suitable for growing seedlings in the spring. Tender sprouts will find it easier to break through not too dense earth.
Prepare and mix the following ingredients for these plants.
- 3 parts peat. When buying, make sure that the peat is soft and crumbly.
- 1 part of humus, sand and leafy soil.
2 Soil for palm trees and dracaena
For large domestic plants, which have a powerful and deep root system, as well as a high aerial part, heavy soil is made.
To prepare such a mixture, you will need the following elements.
- 5 parts soddy soil.
- 1 part coarse sand and humus. Coarse sand cannot be replaced with fine sand, even in larger quantities, because the former passes air and water better. Without such large particles, water will stagnate on the surface of the earth, and the roots will not receive enough oxygen.
3 Azalea and hydrangea soil
Azaleas and hydrangeas will suit medium-heavy soil, but with high acidity. Its level is often increased by adding coniferous additives. The additive is introduced in small portions, checking the growth of the acidity level by litmus paper.
To create such a mixture, be guided by the following proportions.
- 2 parts of sod land and humus.
- 1 part sand and peat. For small plants, fine to medium sand is suitable.
Coniferous soil additive is prepared in advance. They collect the top layer of soil in the garden along with needles, and then compost it along with sand and peat. When the decay process is complete, this additive can be mixed into the main soil.
four soil for cacti
For desert species
Ariocarpus, astrophytum, aztecium, hymnocalycium are desert varieties of cacti. For them, one part of peat, coarse sand, leaf and sod land is mixed. A little lime is added to the soil for cacti with large thorns so that the plant has something to form new thorns from.
For tropical species
Tropical cactus species include Schlumbergera, Epiphyllum, and Ripsalidopsis. They need slightly more nutritious soil, so the soil recipe is different.
- 2 parts of sod land.
- 1 part each of peat, coarse sand, humus and leafy soil.
5 Soil for monstera and other tropical plants
Monstera belongs to tropical plants, and its soil will suit other flowers of the same species: philodendron, alocasia, caladium, aglaonema and sansevieria. Mix these ingredients for them.
- 1 part of humus, coarse sand and peat.
- 2 parts of sod land.
- If there is some bark and charcoal, these can also be added to the soil. They will give the plant additional nutrients and improve moisture conductivity.