one Humidify the air
At the end of September, many houses turn on central heating, and the air becomes much drier. Houseplants that need a certain level of humidity suffer greatly from this. Dry air is especially destructive for tropical flowers, which in their natural environment are accustomed to a certain microclimate. To balance it, you can spray the plants or turn on a humidifier. Take care of this in advance: at a minimum, study the features of caring for your flowers. If necessary, group them «by preference». Next to the humidifier, place the most capricious flowers in this matter, and unpretentious varieties can be placed further away.
2 Remove heat-loving plants from the balcony
The beginning of autumn is the time of the first frosts and rapid cooling. There are a number of plants that enjoy such weather conditions, and they even begin to bloom. But most indoor varieties of cold do not like it. Therefore, they must be removed to a warmer room: for example, rearranged on window sills in an apartment. Before moving the pots, sanitize the plants. It is best to relocate flowers when there is no bright sun, so that they better adapt to new conditions.
3 Replant plants that need it
If over the summer the flower has grown a lot and the old planter has become small for him, then at the beginning of autumn it’s time to transplant it into a more convenient pot. Houseplants go dormant around October, which means the flower will have time to adapt to the «move». The new planter should be 2-3 centimeters larger than the previous one — then the plant will be as comfortable as possible in it.
During transplantation, check the root system: if it is in good condition, there are no dried or rotten areas, then feel free to transplant the plant. In this case, you can even leave part of the old soil, adding only a little new soil. If the roots are not in order, they need to be processed: remove diseased areas and sprinkle these places with charcoal for disinfection.
four Do preventive maintenance
The change of season is the best time to treat plants for pests. During the summer, various pathogens and insects could settle in the flowers — they need to be disposed of before the plant retires. First of all, this applies to those flowers that spent the summer months on an open balcony and were more likely to come into contact with pests. Plants must be handled carefully, without touching the inflorescences. Also, carefully study the instructions for each drug in order to use it most effectively and safely.
5 Provide good lighting
Short daylight hours do not allow some plants to maintain development at the level that they need. Next to those varieties that require a lot of sun, you need to put a phytolamp for the autumn-winter period — it will become a source of additional light. It is worth taking care of this in advance, at the very beginning of autumn, so that the light-loving plant does not have time to wither.
6 Change the watering and fertilizing schedule
Since many plants slow down their growth and stop flowering in autumn, their care needs to be reconsidered. So, a flower in «hibernation» requires much less nutrients and water, so fertilizing and watering should be done less frequently. You can also reduce the intensity of spraying if the air in the room is sufficiently humidified.
It is important to understand that in «hibernation» the plant accumulates strength for the new season and flowering, so there is no need to disturb it once again. If you ignore this rule, then by frequent feeding and watering you will not let the flower rest, and it will enter the new spring-summer period exhausted. Moreover, improper care will contribute to the appearance of young shoots, for which the plant does not have enough strength due to the short daylight hours. It will consume all available resources to the detriment of larger shoots, because of which the leaves will begin to fall, and the plant itself may eventually die.