one Using store-bought or homemade abrasives
For stainless steel cookware, any abrasive acid cleaner from the store will work. But for pans with a non-stick coating, this method can no longer be used — such an abrasive can damage the surface. For them, you can use soda and a sponge for washing dishes. Pour 2-3 tablespoons on a layer of burnt food and add a little hot water to achieve a paste consistency. Leave for 5-10 minutes and begin to gently scrub the dirt with a sponge. You can try replacing soda with used coffee grounds. This method is still considered gentle, but the coffee particles are slightly larger and better at breaking down plaque.
2 By boiling
This method is suitable for any dish. Just fill a pot or pan with water so that it covers all the dirt, add a little detergent, citric acid or soda. Turn on the stove and let the water boil for a few minutes. Hardened food and fat will become softer and easier to wipe off.
Vinegar will quickly get rid of the limescale that forms around the edges of the pan due to hard tap water. At the same time, it removes iridescent stains that appear on stainless steel dishes after overheating. It is almost impossible to remove both of these contaminants with ordinary detergent, since it does not enter into a chemical reaction with them.
four By special means
To quickly and safely remove a hard layer of carbon deposits from the surface, you can use store-bought products without abrasives: Shumanit, DazhBo, Easywork, Unicum, Frosch. Check the material of your cookware against those listed on the packaging and remember to open the window before cleaning. An important point — if the inside of the pot or pan has scuffs or scratches, it is better to wash it with home remedies like soda. The fact is that the remnants of the washing gel will fall into the bumps, and it will be difficult to wash them; later on they will end up in food. But for black plaque from the outside, you can always safely use powerful chemistry.
5 Metal sponge or wooden spatula
To wipe the main layer of burnt food from aluminum utensils, such as a baking sheet, you can use a metal sponge. And to remove residues, take a regular foam rubber with an abrasive side so as not to scratch the surface. For all other types of dishes, it is better to take a wooden spatula for cooking. It scrapes old fat well, but is not able to scratch the surface.
Ceramic dishes should not be washed with abrasives. But you can pour alcohol on a layer of burnt food. Leave for 10-15 minutes and start scrubbing the problem area with a sponge and detergent. The alcohol will help loosen up the dirt.
If soaking and boiling doesn’t help, fill a frying pan or pot with water and add some baking soda and detergent. Put in the freezer overnight, and in the morning take it out and leave to defrost. Sequential freezing and thawing will help to break down solid contamination.