Modernist stylization in architecture and art appeared at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. This is a time of global changes in architectural and design trends, which is marked by the beginning of the use of completely updated forms and building materials. The design of the Art Nouveau house was originally distinguished by its bright expression. During the construction, they began to apply the latest technologies, completely different principles of construction were used.

Today, houses in this style are built from timber, sip panels, one-story houses in the Art Nouveau style have a frame format, but larger modern buildings are built using combined materials.

Distinctive features of modern modernist structures are the presence of floral prints in the design of the facade and interior areas, as well as the absence of clear sharp corners and lines.

Brief content of the article:

Private modernist dwellings

House buildings in the style of modernism, whether it be a wooden structure or a frame structure, must necessarily have a concept that is integral with the surrounding background. Architects use various techniques and combinations of arcuate lines to create the illusion of a smooth transition from one form to another.

Based on the design features and materials used in the construction, houses are divided into two categories:

  • Buildings made of high-quality wood materials, allowing you to build unique compositions that have an eco-friendly format. This also includes two-story houses in the Art Nouveau style, built from log elements.
  • Buildings, the foreground of which is occupied by combinations of reinforced concrete and metal, not hidden behind plaster. The main decoration of such houses are large glass elements.

wood facade

By the appearance of the house facade, one can judge the aesthetics and functionality of the entire building. This principle affects all structures, no matter what material it is made of.

Modern houses in the Art Nouveau style, built from wood elements, have these features:

  • balcony structures of rough execution;
  • stair structures;
  • large-sized terraces and loggias;
  • intricate galleries;
  • window and door passages of different sizes.

Frame residential buildings and structures or sip panels, it is very difficult to combine the fundamentals of this modernist trend.

However, judging by the catalogs of beautiful houses, such buildings look very impressive, and the material costs for the construction of buildings will be small.

Northern interpretation

The northern modernist format of houses is distinguished by severity and sometimes even rudeness, while the architecture complies with all the laws of style. The special design of the facades is due to individual differences in climatic conditions.

Features indicating northern design are the presence of:

  • facade bay windows;
  • hexagonal window openings;
  • pointed roofs.

Russian view of modernism

For houses in the Russian Art Nouveau style, the following design techniques are characteristic:

  • combining in one design various materials that are matched to each other according to color shades. Quite often, log elements are mixed with brick or stone inserts:
  • when decorating, elements that came from Russian architecture are used in the form of patterned architraves, shutters, towers. A typical modernist Russian building is similar to a fairy-tale house, a tower;
  • there are necessarily balconies and a porch, finished with forged elements. Window openings are large, often there are continuous glazed wall panels, stained glass inserts. Windows and doorways have an intricate oval shape;
  • all wall surfaces and the entrance are decorated with mosaic belts and patterned friezes;
  • the general style of execution has softness, strict symmetrical proportions, the building is in harmony with the surrounding landscape.

Style color palette

The internal interior decoration and the external facade of a residential building must necessarily have something in common with their color scheme.

Looking through numerous photos of Art Nouveau houses, you can pretend that the following color palettes are characteristic of the direction:

  • soft beige and traditional white;
  • range of chocolate shades;
  • blue;
  • shade of olive;
  • silver;
  • unobtrusive red.

Smooth ornaments, made in the basic color palette, are the personification of genuine naturalness. Thanks to the use of natural shades, it turns out to create the illusion of a smooth transition of lines from one background to another.

Interior arrangement

A characteristic technique for decorating the interior of a house in the Art Nouveau style is the use of smooth lines and outlines. Smoothness and fluidity are found everywhere: in the geometry of decorative elements, and in wall ornaments, and in furniture forms.

Furniture furnishings in modernist dwellings are arranged closer to the center of the room, that is, away from windows and walls. Therefore, the interior uses really necessary and functional items. For the living room, a set of a sofa and a pair of armchairs, a wardrobe and a small table will become a necessary set.

The bedroom is enough to place a large comfortable bed, dressing table and chest of drawers. The main thing in choosing furniture items is to avoid sharp angularities and straightness.

The interior composition must necessarily contain a large number of floral ornaments, which are found not only in the decoration of wall surfaces, but also in furniture upholstery.

Matte glass surfaces are also appropriate here, and stained glass inserts that emphasize belonging to this style can give special dynamics and luxury to the whole composition.

The smoothness of the lines is transferred from the external facade decoration and inside. The rooms should have a lot of arched elements, which are presented by the backs of chairs and the head of the bed, the elegant outlines of the fireplace, window openings, etc. Particular attention is paid to the design of interior doorways, which impress with the elegance of lines and curves.

Correctly selected lighting will help to emphasize the modernist design vector. It here carries not only a functional load, but also is a decorative element. Lighting devices should have an elegant shape, they are made of metal, wood or colored glass.

Various mosaic canvases, figurines from the world of fauna, picture canvases in baguettes will decorate the interior.

Photo of Art Nouveau houses