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People have been decorating their homes for a long time. Forging, facade stucco, wood carving have not lost their relevance today. And there is nothing surprising in this. The facade of the house is considered its face, which means it will tell a lot about the owner, his preferences, financial situation.

Original stucco patterns have been known for a long time. Now they are back in fashion. Stucco molding for the transformation of the facade is preferred, both in the design of residential buildings and administrative buildings.

Brief content of the article:

Ancient and modern

Technologies in the construction industry do not stop improving. Building materials that have lost their relevance are replaced by new ones. Not deprived of them and such an area as facade design.


Today, stucco molding looks no less attractive and original, meets the necessary quality standards for similar materials for facade cladding.

Gypsum, as well as marble, are perfectly replaced with artificial building materials, characterized by a high degree of resistance to the negative influences of nature. It perfectly withstands ultraviolet, cold, precipitation.

Gypsum decor for the facade

Practicality, originality, traditions are the main characteristics of gypsum stucco. Due to the convenience and simplicity of working with this material, you can get a variety of voluminous exclusive details.

The decoration of the facade with stucco molding from a material such as gypsum is carried out directly on the wall surface, or in the workshop, with further installation at the location.

For these purposes, ordinary gypsum is used, intended for the manufacture of sculptures, or hydrophobic, which prevents the penetration of moisture. Hydrophobic gypsum has a special composition, so this material has a higher price. It is characterized by increased moisture and frost resistance.

According to professionals, working with this material is not difficult if you have the required forms and accessories. Gypsum is perfectly restored, while the design of architectural purposes will last for a long period of time. This is a fact that has been proven over the years. It is enough to cover various cracks and defects once every five years with a special gypsum composition.

There are several disadvantages of gypsum material. One is a large mass. It is for this reason that it is not advisable to install gypsum parts on structures erected from lightweight structures. Another is the possibility of a split in case of an accidental fall, which provides for the utmost accuracy in the process of mounting the material.

Installation of products from the facade of the original stucco is carried out by means of dowels, a special adhesive mass and nails.


Stucco molding from expanded polystyrene, as well as foamed polyurethane

The main difference between expanded polystyrene and polyurethane is its low weight, which makes the installation of finished products much easier. The stucco molding rests on a special adhesive composition, for this reason it is excellent for buildings that are built from lightweight materials for modern purposes.

Polyurethane facade decor is not afraid of moisture, does not lose color, does not break. In addition, polyurethane performs a thermal insulation function. However, the disadvantage of stucco is that substances harmful to health are released during the combustion process.

During the creation of decorations for the facade of cellular polystyrene foam, a machine is used to cut out the desired shape and size of the elements. After that, glue, the necessary mesh, another layer of glue, and also paint are applied to them.

The listed types of stucco molding are much more practical and more expensive in comparison with the gypsum version, however, foam plastics are not able to repeat the exclusivity and expressiveness of gypsum decorations.

The disadvantages include a low degree of resistance to ultraviolet radiation, as well as the impossibility of carrying out restoration work in the event of cracks.

Concrete

The original decor for the concrete facade is created from polymer concrete, or from an equally well-known material such as glass fiber reinforced concrete. The most reliable material of this group is polymer concrete.

In this embodiment, the binder is a polymer. Polymer concrete stucco is characterized by a high degree of frost resistance, an attractive pattern, maximum strength, and durability.

fiberglass

Beautiful houses with fiberglass stucco are very attractive, withstand extremely high and extremely low temperature conditions. The material is made from quartz fibers, glass fibers, as well as thermopolymers.

The price of a facade ornament made of fiberglass is very high, however, among analogues, this is one of the best options, because it is better in terms of characteristics than they are. Among the minuses is the impossibility of creating openwork elements.

When choosing facade decorations, it is important to decide what is more important — the originality of the pattern, durability or cost. However, in any case, the stucco molding will successfully decorate the outer side of the housing, give volume and solemnity to the facade.

Varieties of stucco

Depending on the purpose, the form of stucco molding for facade decoration is divided into such types as:


Columns and pilasters. Often installed at the entrance, on large open balconies. During the installation process, they are certainly called upon to rest against the upper-lower surface, in rare cases they are equipped with suspended ones. For installation, it is preferable to contact specialists.

Arches. Window openings and doors are decorated with similar elements, as in the photo of the facade stucco molding below. Not a complicated kind of stucco, so the installation can be carried out with your own hands.

Bas-reliefs. Mounted above the door leaf at the entrance, used as decoration for the facade wall surface of the second floor. Work can be done by hand, as it does not require professional skills and a lot of time.

Handrails. Installed next to front doors. This type of stucco molding is created exclusively from concrete, while foam and plaster parts are not used on facades.

Stucco installation

First stage. Choose which facade stucco molding is best suited for the facade of your home and decide on the place of its future placement.

Important! When choosing the style of decorating the wall surface of the facade, consider not only decorative indicators, but also the characteristics of the walls. In the case when the facades are not very reliable, it is better to prefer lightweight foam plastic stucco material, but if the walls are made of brick, then any stucco molding can be used. It is installed exclusively on facade bricks or plaster.


Second phase. Prepare the facade surface by cleaning it of dust. If necessary, you need to level the wall using a plaster spatula. The denser the roughness of the wall surface under the stucco, the stronger the bonding will be.

Third stage. Mark out the work surface. Having applied the necessary markings, inspect the wall again, checking the accuracy of the lines.

Fourth stage. Fix the parts without a stop, as a rule, these are window sills. The following parts will be held directly on them to give the structure maximum strength. So that when the glue dries, the stucco molding does not fall, make additional stops in the form of ordinary nails.

Fifth stage. Measure the cornice from below, then saw off the desired ends. Stucco molding from foam is well sawn with a simple hacksaw. If you have an electric saw, work will progress much faster.

Sixth stage. To decorate the house with facade stucco, prepare a special adhesive composition with your own hands, following the advice of the manufacturers indicated in the instructions.

Seventh stage. Using a spatula, apply the resulting mixture to the wall surface and stucco. If it’s hot outside, then dampen the wall with water.

Eighth stage. Firmly attach the material to the wall, then remove the protruding adhesive mass using a spatula. It is important that the lower part of the material does not slide down.

Ninth stage. Attach the top side of the decor to the surface, while marking the cutting areas.

Tenth stage. Prepare the side pieces in the same way.

Eleventh stage. Align all the details, pressing them as tightly as possible. Eliminate any excess.

Twelfth step. To give the attachment maximum strength, fix the material in several places using dowels.

Photo of facade stucco