In an area rich in forests, wood has historically been the main material for building a dwelling. Now, it would seem that the construction industry has stepped far ahead — however, wooden houses are still in great demand. And this is no coincidence, because they have a number of important advantages, including a pleasant appearance, smell, good indoor climate. In addition, wood has excellent thermal insulation properties.
However, the weak point of cottages made of timber or logs is often a poorly insulated roof, windows or floor. That is why they need to pay special attention during construction. If you want your wooden house to have a warm floor, you should approach its arrangement wisely.
Brief content of the article:
How to make a floor in a wooden house
The design of any floor is almost always a kind of layer cake. In addition to a beautiful top coating that works on the interior of the room, there are also insulating layers hidden from the eyes, a load-bearing base, and so on. The thickness and structure of these components depends on many factors.
In a wooden building, the floor structure has the following distinctive features: it must be well insulated, have effective vapor and waterproofing.
And the choice of base in this case is limited to only two options — wood or concrete. To decide which floor in a wooden house is better, let’s take a closer look at these two options.
Wooden floor construction
In this case, rammed soil, brick pillars or interfloor reinforced concrete floors can serve as a foundation in this case, if we are talking about the floor structure of the upper floors. This is followed by a waterproofing layer, for which roofing felt or roofing paper is usually used.
Wooden logs are installed on top, between which insulation is laid. Then follows a layer of vapor barrier film. And floor boards are already laid on it — often in several layers.
Concrete floor construction
Here soil is used as a base. A heat-insulating layer is poured on top, which is sand or fine gravel. It is recommended to lay a vapor barrier film on top and bottom of this layer. And then the concrete mixture is poured over the entire structure.
After its hardening, which takes about three weeks, the turn of a layer of cement-sand screed comes. Then a front decorative coating is installed on it — tiles, parquet, laminate, linoleum … Any option from a wide range of floor materials that you like.
Advantages and disadvantages of two types of design
The quality of the floor is determined by such aspects as its service life, resistance to damage, smoothness of the surface. According to these parameters, concrete, of course, outperforms wood. It seems to be more reliable and durable, it is not afraid of high humidity or fungus, it is quite difficult to deform it.
In defense of the tree, I would like to note that, with careful observance of the operating conditions, it can last as long as concrete … But it’s not so easy to ensure that all these conditions are met. As for the smoothness of the front surface of the floor, then concrete is undoubtedly far ahead.
A huge role is also played by the factors of complexity, price and installation time. How much will all the necessary work cost, how long will it take, and can an amateur do everything well and beautifully on his own?
It is believed that it is more difficult and longer to work with a tree, and the cost will be considerable. However, do not forget that concrete, on the other hand, requires a more powerful foundation, as it has significant weight.
And yet, despite all this, people very often prefer wood. Why? The answer is extremely simple — because of the magnificent aesthetic properties of this material and the feeling of warmth that it gives.
The artistic possibilities of wood: color and texture
This natural material, unlike even the best imitations, has a very attractive unique texture. Such a floor acquires a particularly spectacular sound when processed with special varnishes. It can become glossy, matte, acquire an interesting vintage look.
And even the color of the wooden floor in the house can be adjusted with the help of varnishes with a coloring pigment. However, it is worth noting that even without adjustment, the natural shades of wood are very attractive.
Someone may note that concrete, in combination with decorative coatings, also has the ability to include many shades and textures in the interior of the room, including those imitating wood. That the artistic possibilities of such a combination are even wider.
However, two things must be remembered. Firstly, imitation almost always loses to the original. And, secondly, theoretically, all the same decorative coatings can also be installed on a wooden substrate. But why, if it in itself has excellent aesthetic characteristics?
Using wooden boards as a tool for professional designers
Another feature of wooden plank flooring, which is often used by designers, is its graphic nature. It forms a certain rhythm and direction, which, with the right approach, can transform the interior, make it more interesting and dynamic.
There are several basic techniques: firstly, the boards are often laid in the direction of travel, giving the space greater clarity and consistency. Secondly, the room seems lighter and more spacious if the boards lie perpendicular to the plane of the windows.
And, finally, the visual perception of the proportions of the room can be easily changed, for example, by emphasizing its elongated outlines with the direction of the wooden covering. Or vice versa, creating the illusion of a wide hall by laying the boards parallel to its narrower side. All these techniques can be found on the photo of the floor of wooden houses created by professional designers.
Which type of flooring you end up finding the best option depends on your goals, preferences, and budget. However, all existing varieties can be an excellent effective solution if there is a clear understanding of their advantages, disadvantages and capabilities.
Photo of floors in a wooden house