The inhabitants of the home green corner are usually selected for their attractive appearance. Bright beautiful foliage and lush long-term flowering are appreciated. However, not everyone knows that decorative cultures can not only please the eye, but also be beneficial. We have put together a selection of these. We present the best indoor plants and flowers for an apartment and a private house.
All about the best indoor plants
Why are they useful
What decorative and flowering crops should be grown at home
— Crassula ovata
What are the benefits of indoor flowers
It seems that beautiful greenery or lush flowers are all that indoor plants can please their owner. In fact, this is not so. They have many useful properties. We list the most significant of them.
- Absorption of electromagnetic radiation that comes from household appliances.
- Absorption of carbon dioxide produced by the respiration of humans and animals. In return, indoor crops release oxygen, thereby improving the quality of the air.
- Absorption of toxins, heavy metals and some dust.
- Destruction of bacteria and fungi. A pronounced antiseptic effect heals the atmosphere.
- Therapeutic and cosmetic effect. Some cultures help in the treatment of cuts, burns, and other wounds. They are used by cosmetologists and dermatologists.
All of these are scientifically proven claims. There is one more fact, not scientifically confirmed, but proven over the years: some indoor plants are able to harmonize family relationships, have a beneficial effect on the health and well-being of their owners.
What plants and flowers must be in the house
The second name is agave or rannik. This is a decorative succulent that forms rosettes of prickly fleshy leaves at the roots. It is famous for its medicinal properties: it has antiseptic properties, helps with various diseases of the skin and internal organs, and is used in cosmetology. The most useful specimens are considered to be five years old and older. The bush is unpretentious, easily multiplies. It can be dangerous for pets and children, so aloe is placed in a place that is hard to reach for them.
A hardy flowering plant. There are several hundred of its varieties. Begonias are valued for their beautiful flowers. They are quite large, different colors. With good care, it can bloom almost all year round. Effectively cleans the air from dust particles, has an antiseptic effect. The flower is unpretentious, able to endure a short dry period. Needs high humidity and lighting for at least 12 hours a day.
3. Crassula ovata
The second name is money tree or fat woman. This is a bush with fleshy thick leaves. The stems become woody with age, which allows the formation of bonsai trees. There are several hundred varieties of crassula. Among those grown indoors, there are bright green, light green and silver varieties. The border on the leaves also varies: from pale yellow to bright red. The fat woman does not need abundant watering and spraying, rarely gets sick and is almost not damaged by pests. But she has weak stems that break easily. Crassula is toxic to animals. It is believed that brings wealth to the house.
Young cacti resemble a curled up hedgehog, for which they got their name from the Greek «echino» — a hedgehog. As they grow, they stretch. Individual specimens grow up to 2 m. In spring or early summer, echinopsis blooms. The cactus is unpretentious, easily multiplies, tolerates adverse conditions well. It absorbs electromagnetic radiation harmful to humans, for which it is especially appreciated.
One of the best indoor plants for the home. It is believed to bring prosperity and happiness.
This is a small tree with small green leaves, blooms very beautifully. It releases essential oils and aromatic substances into the air, which destroy pathogenic microflora and disinfect the room. Due to the pronounced smell, it is not recommended to keep myrtle in the bedroom. The bush easily tolerates pruning, it can be given any shape. The plant does not tolerate a lack of light and too dry air.
Beautiful exotic with dozens of varieties. It is valued for its decorative appearance, bright lush foliage. In addition, ficus absorbs toxic substances from the air. Unpretentious, grows very quickly. Even a novice florist can grow it. Most varieties bloom only in nature. Some varieties of ficus are capable of provoking an allergic reaction, toxic to animals.
Tree-like perennial, resembling a small palm tree. Grow it in one or two or three trunks. Young stems are soft and easy to shape. Dracaena contains phytoncides that destroy pathogenic microflora. The plant is quite unpretentious. He needs rare watering, but the humidity of the air should be high. Sensitive to lighting — it should be bright, but diffused. In room conditions, the mini-tree almost never blooms.
The second name is the dollar tree, as many believe that the bush «attracts» money. This is a herbaceous plant with unusual rachis leaves that develop directly from nodules hidden in the ground. Each rachis has several small feathery leaves. It grows very slowly, so it is worth taking care of its reproduction in advance. Easily tolerates a short drought, does not need spraying and frequent watering. Zamiokulkas rarely blooms. The flower is obtained in the form of an ear, closed by a peduncle — «veil», often not even noticeable.
A flower that should definitely be in every home. This is a very unpretentious herbaceous perennial with a short stem and tuberous roots. Grows very fast, easy to propagate. Chlorophytum is not sensitive to light, can withstand long periods without watering and without spraying. It purifies the air in the room from dust particles and pathogenic microflora, therefore it is recommended for allergy sufferers. Absorbs toxins and harmful impurities from the atmosphere.
Decorative leafy exotic from the South American tropics. There are several hundred varieties, among which there are shrubby, epiphytic, terrestrial forms and lianas. All have beautiful leaves of different shapes and sizes. In addition, philodendrons are able to regulate indoor humidity and produce a lot of oxygen. They purify the air of formaldehydes, special substances found in the leaves kill the pathogenic microflora. With good care, flowering is possible. It does not last long, on average, a day or two.
The second name is lemon tree. This is a citrus hybrid, an evergreen ornamental tree. At home, it blooms and bears fruit. The fruits are edible, with good taste characteristics. Citrofortunella produces a large amount of essential oils. They smell good and disinfect the air in the room where the tree stands. The culture does not tolerate dry air. In winter, it needs to be illuminated — a lack of light provokes diseases. The branches of the lemon tree are covered with sharp thorns, so you need to take care of it carefully.
Another South American exotic and one of the trendy indoor flowers for interior decoration. It is an evergreen vine with large leaves. Young leaves are entire, as they grow, gradually increasing cuts appear on them. Monstera is growing rapidly, for which beginner flower growers love it. She needs plenty of light and high humidity. Liana blooms very rarely, the fruits formed after flowering are edible. Its juice is toxic, so monstera is carefully grown in homes with children or pets.
Another ornamental culture with unusually shaped leaves that resemble small umbrellas. Sheffler is a distant relative of ginseng. It is famous for its ability to cleanse the atmosphere of toxins and pathogenic microflora. The bush is unpretentious, undemanding to growing conditions. The only difficulty is the organization of additional lighting in the winter. At home, sheffler almost does not bloom. Handle the tree carefully, because its juice is toxic. It may cause skin irritation.
The second name is uzambar violet. Low herbaceous perennial with beautiful flowers. There are many varieties: with double or simple flowers, with wavy or corrugated petals. The colors are very different: they distinguish monophonic, variegated, edged flowers. With good care, violet blooms almost all year round. It is believed that it has a beneficial effect on a person: it calms him down, pushes him to make the right decisions, and relieves insomnia. Saintpaulia needs high humidity, but does not tolerate spraying, waterlogging leads to rotting of the roots.
It is also called the Chinese rose, however, culture has nothing to do with roses. It is a member of the Malvaceae family. There are several hundred varieties of hibiscus, among them — herbaceous, shrubs and semi-shrubs. At home, grow fairly large trees that bloom profusely. They have large flowers, up to 16 cm in diameter, of very different colors: from light yellow to dark red. One flower lives only a day, the next one immediately appears to replace it. Therefore, flowering seems to be long-lasting. Hibiscus is demanding on lighting and humidity. In the warm season, it can be taken out into the street. Plant material obtained from the culture is widely used in herbal medicine.