England, a state with specific climatic conditions, imposes distinctive features on its architectural methods of construction. From the photo of houses in the English style, it can be seen that the main difference between these buildings is the low placement of the foundation and the decoration only with high-quality red brick using classic masonry.
Red brick material is the hallmark of English architectural style. This raw material is environmentally friendly, high strength performance, low cost. Buildings made of it are durable and strong, they have good sound insulation.
Brief content of the article:
Features of the English house
A characteristic feature of the English construction of a private house is a low fundamental foundation. Thanks to this design, the floor level inside the house is practically on the same level with the earthen surface, which is why the household is as close to the ground as possible. But, despite the low facade level, one-story houses in the English style are very rare. As a rule, these are buildings with two or three floors.
Projects of houses in the English style do not accept the presence of basements. The only acceptable option is a small storage room or cellar.
The facade design of English houses is distinguished by its severity. Decorative elements and all sorts of embellishments are practically not used, facing fixtures are not mounted. Window openings on the facade are large, most often made in the form of a two- or three-leaf square or rectangle.
The appearance of the roof on the house in the English style is different from any other. The strict form of an acute angle, facing with tiled elements of a bright red hue, these are the main features of the design.
Recently, it has become a fashion trend to cover the roof with straw. If in the 17th century such a roof testified to the financial problems of the homeowner, today it is proof of wealth.
The porch in the design of houses in the English style is rare. If it is attached, then only in the case when the building is built on a site with a slope. Entrance openings and window openings can be decorated with various canopies.
Ivy branches curling along the canopy look especially chic. But the front door is located in the center of the front facade. Massive models made in a dark palette of colors are selected.
Another surprising and distinctive characteristic of English private estate architecture is the absence of a garage building next to or in the house. The British prefer to place a garage in the depths of the local area so that it is hidden from prying eyes.
Particular attention is paid to the design of the courtyard on the plot. There must be a small garden and a picturesque flower lawn here. Mowing the lawn for an Englishman is a family tradition that he cannot neglect.
The absence of a flower garden on the site can only indicate financial trouble. Also, the yard is equipped with linear paths and a fence, which is often represented by a hedge.
Styles of English house architecture
The English style of architecture, characteristic of the 16th century, the Tudor style, turns houses into fabulous buildings. The main features of this type are:
- the entrance opening is located strictly in the center. It often has an arched shape and is framed by natural stone elements;
- asymmetry, manifested in elements such as pediments and turrets of different sizes;
- the composition includes small dormer windows;
- the shape of the roof is broken, the slope is small.
Georgian type buildings are typical for London city houses. This style is quite simple, but it can look solemn. Features of brick houses in the English Georgian style are:
- symmetrical arrangement of window openings;
- clear proportions and geometry;
- average height roof;
- decorative facade elements are not used.
The Victorian direction of the 19th century is already distinguished by the decorative cladding of the facades and the use of contrasting color combinations. It is characterized by:
- steep slope roofs with towers;
- facade decoration with stone and other elements;
- the presence of large verandas;
- embellishment with themed prints.
Interior decoration of houses
The interior design inside the house must necessarily correspond to the era in which the whole building was decorated. The living room deserves special attention, as it is the main part of the whole house. It must be located in the center of the building; a large room is allocated for the guest space, often combined with a dining room and a kitchen.
For the decoration of the traditional English living room, only natural materials are chosen, mainly in the form of wood. Noble parquet is laid on the floor, wall surfaces are finished with panels, and the ceilings are decorated with beams.
Due to the large amount of wood in the interior composition, warmth and comfort emanates from the space. The whole room should be bright, it should have many window openings through which the atmosphere is filled with light.
An integral and very important element of English interior design is a fireplace. It is important to understand that it must be real, that is, lined with brick, finished with masonry and decorated with a forged fence. Replacement with a false installation or electronic counterparts is not acceptable for a traditional English mansion.
The main condition on which the whole concept of arranging and decorating the interior of an English home is based is the creation of comfort and convenience.
Looking at the catalogs of ready-made houses in the English style, it becomes clear that such a building will not only look elegant and beautiful, it will be a wonderful comfortable place to live.
Surrounded by a large amount of greenery and flowers, with a large landscaped courtyard, hidden from noisy streets and annoying neighbors, the house will become the most favorite place where you can meet with your family and loved ones for a wonderful pastime, relaxation and conversations.
Photo of houses in the English style