All surfaces get dirty sooner or later and need to be cleaned. Wall decoration is no exception. But the cleaning technology will be different, it depends on the type of coating. Let’s figure out how to wash the wallpaper so as not to spoil them.
All about wallpaper cleaning
What materials can be washed
Means for processing
— Hydrogen peroxide
— special means
Features of cleaning different types of wallpaper
How to clean washable sheets
What wallpaper can be washed: we study the marking
Coverage information can always be found on the packaging. It describes in detail not only the gluing technique, but also the way to care for the finish. Cleaning rules are determined by the presence and quantity
- One. Relative resistance to moisture. May be wiped with a damp cloth.
- Two. Waterlogging is excluded, gentle washing with soapy water is allowed.
- Three. Good water resistance. Washing with detergents is allowed.
If there is a brush icon on the label, this means abrasion resistance. Such decor tolerates friction well. So, if there are three waves and a brush on the marking, the material can be washed with intense friction.
You can wash the decorative coating using different compositions. In any case, you must remember that the drug can ruin the finish. Therefore, before applying it, it is advisable to try to process an inconspicuous fragment. If the decor remains in good condition, you can safely use the tested solution. We offer a selection of the most effective tools.
Ethyl alcohol is a good solvent. Its use will be a good solution to the question of how to wash red wine, fruit juice or marker stripes from wallpaper. Wipe the contaminated area with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol until the stain is completely removed. No rinsing or rinsing is necessary, the alcohol evaporates when it dries. If you need to remove the adhesive from the sticker, a swab soaked in alcohol is applied to the problem area and pressed lightly. Dirt dissolves and is absorbed by cotton wool.
To clean the decorative coating, use citric, acetic or hydrochloric acid in weakly concentrated solutions. Lemon well dissolves greasy plaque, removes yellowing from tobacco smoke, traces of alcohol markers. Two or three tablespoons of the powder are diluted in a glass of water. The sponge is moistened with liquid, the surfaces are wiped, then rinsed.
A 9% vinegar solution helps get rid of dried wallpaper paste residue. It is sprayed on the problem area, given time to dissolve and washed off. Hydrochloric acid in a 3% or 5% solution washes away traces of brilliant green. A piece of cloth is moistened in it, the stain is treated, given time to dissolve, then washed and dried. Hydrochloric acid is aggressive, so be sure to test its effect on an inconspicuous fragment.
Thoughts are washed away by various impurities. To prepare a mild detergent, dissolve 1 part of soap in 10 parts of water. Usually they take any liquid, but if the base is too dirty, it is better to use household. It is rubbed on a grater, the chips are dissolved. Surfaces are washed with the resulting solution, then the soap is washed off, wiped dry. Instead of soap, you can use gel for linen or dishes.
Good product for oil stains. Fresh dirt is best cleaned. A greasy trace is sprinkled with talc, you can even rub it a little with a sponge. In order not to stain the rest of the surface in the powder, it is covered with plastic or paper. Leave it on for 15-20 minutes, then scrub off with a soft brush. During this time, the talc should absorb the fat. If this does not happen, the procedure is repeated.
For old stains, an iron is additionally used. The area sprinkled with talc is covered with a paper towel and ironed with a warm iron. This must be done carefully so as not to spoil the surface. High temperature dissolves fat, it softens and is absorbed by talc. After heating, the powder that has absorbed dirt is carefully brushed off with a soft brush.
5. Hydrogen peroxide
An effective bleach that can only be used on white or light-colored surfaces. Removes various contaminants, including blood, juice, some dyes. With a rag soaked in hydrogen peroxide, gently wipe the speck from the edges to the center so as not to smear it even more. It is advisable to change the rags often, as the dirt will be absorbed into it. After treatment, the peroxide residues are washed off with clean water.
6. Baking soda
The baking soda slurry dissolves grease and other contaminants. It is used to fight stains. The paste is applied to the contaminated area, it can be rubbed lightly, left for 20-30 minutes, then washed off and rinsed thoroughly so that no whitish stains remain.
7. Special equipment
The range of household chemicals in stores is very wide. There are special products for washing wallpaper. They are produced in different forms. For example, HG spray, which copes well with old dirt. Most often, housewives choose universal preparations for cleaning. They are in the line of most well-known brands Clean Home, Mister Propper, Frosch, Progress and others.
These compounds are designed to treat various surfaces. They dissolve any contaminants, have a gentle effect on the base. They are chosen when they are looking for what and how to wash the wallpaper in the kitchen from grease, tobacco deposits, and dust. At the same time, universal preparations eliminate unpleasant odors. The washing liquid is diluted according to the instructions on the package, foamed and the walls are washed with a sponge moistened with a solution. Then rinse and wipe dry.
To clean stubborn dirt or stains, special chemicals are used. So, bleach will effectively remove traces of wine, juice, blood, dyes. The plumbing cleaner works similarly, but it also disinfects. Therefore, it is used to remove mold or mildew. Both compositions cannot be used on colored canvases, only on white or very light ones.
Sometimes, in case of severe contamination, various preparations of the “anti-fat” series are used. There are different brands. This is a very aggressive chemistry, so you need to be careful when using it. Only the most stable coatings, marked with a brush and three waves, will withstand such an impact. But even in this case, the drug is first tested on an inconspicuous area. The treatment is carried out gently, so that the area to be treated is slightly damp. Give a little time for the chemistry to dissolve the dirt, rinse and wipe dry.
Varieties of decorative coating
For decoration, several types of wallpaper are used.
They can be single or double layered. In the first case, this is ordinary thin paper on which a pattern is applied. The material is very vulnerable to moisture and any pollution. Wet cleaning is “not shown” to him, only dry cleaning. With a two-layer finish, another layer or a thin polymer film is superimposed on the paper base by hot stamping. The result is a coating that is more durable and resistant to any impact. They can be cleaned with a damp sponge, but very carefully.
Two-layer material, where interlining or paper can be used as a base. A vinyl polymer is applied on top of them. The properties of the finish depend on the technology of its application. The most vulnerable to moisture and mechanical damage are foamed and embossed varieties. They are subjected only to dry cleaning and very carefully, since the porous coating is easily damaged. The most resistant to any influences are silk-screen printing and hot stamping vinyl. Since, after applying the polymer, they undergo an embossing procedure, which securely fixes the decorative layer. They can be fully washed and rubbed with a brush.
There are single or double layers. In the first case, it is most often a material for painting, it is durable and easy to clean. But it can also be a canvas of different colors or with a pattern. The properties and cleaning technology of a two-layer decor depend on the characteristics and technology of applying the finishing layer. It can be foamed or embossed vinyl, bamboo, textiles. To clean bamboo, it is better to use a vacuum cleaner. The amount of moisture during cleaning should be minimal, it can ruin the bamboo plates. It is also better to clean textiles in a dry way, otherwise it will deform.
Manufactured from fiberglass weaving. For this, fibers of various thicknesses are made from molten glass. The result is a durable coating for painting. May be with or without embossed pattern. Very strong and resistant to any impact base. They are washed and rubbed with effort, provided that the paint applied to the cullet is washable.
The liquid wallpaper
They can be considered a type of plaster. This is a plastic mass of cellulose and various additives, which is applied in a thin layer to the walls. After curing, it is desirable to cover it with a protective layer of varnish. In this case, the maintenance of the decor is simplified. It can be washed and even brushed.
How to clean washable wallpaper
Washable coatings are often smooth, dense with a polymeric protective film. This decor will easily withstand wet cleaning. It must be carried out regularly so that dust and dirt do not accumulate on the canvas. We have prepared a simple instruction on how to wash washable wallpaper at home.
- We clean the walls from dust. The easiest way to vacuum them, paying special attention to the corners and joints. If there is no vacuum cleaner, you can use a brush, preferably with a long handle, or a broom. It is clear that the fixtures must be clean.
- We carefully examine the surface. If there are stains, treat them with a suitable agent until they disappear completely.
- We prepare a cleaning solution that is suitable for the material being processed. Dip a soft cloth into it, squeeze it well. Wipe the base with a damp cloth. You can do this with your hands or, for convenience, wrap the fabric around a broom or brush.
- Rinse off the soap solution with clean water. Wipe the base dry.