When choosing the best material for the roof of a house, it is difficult to rely on only one criterion. An ideal roof is required to be both durable, beautiful, and resistant to damage of various kinds. Therefore, the material is selected depending on the priorities of the owner of the future home. In fact, any material meets certain requirements — the buyer only needs to determine them.
These are the basic requirements for the material for a modern roof for a private house:
- Durability refers to the ability of a roof to withstand weather and accidental physical damage. It is determined by the chemical properties of the material and its strength.
- Any modern material is required to be environmentally friendly. This is beneficial not only for the environment, but also for the health of the inhabitants of the house.
- The design solutions of modern buildings are quite unusual — thus, the coating must be elastic enough to take the desired shape.
- Appearance is also important — so before buying, you should look at the photo of the roof covering for the house.
Brief content of the article:
One of the earliest materials for roofing is ceramic plates, tiles. They are based on clay fired at a very high temperature — not lower than 1000 ° C. The properties of shards — frost resistance, strength, durability — depend on the quality and processing technology.
And, if earlier the production of tiles was a difficult and long process, then in modern factories they provide all the necessary conditions. After firing, dark red tiles are covered with glaze or engobe — these substances make them stronger, additionally protect them from moisture and ultraviolet radiation. In addition, dyes can be added to them, thereby giving the roof the desired shade.
- Ceramic shards are strong and durable — the roof will not collapse even after 100 years.
- This is a rather ancient invention, but it still has not gone out of fashion — houses covered with tiles look stylish.
- The tile protects the house not only from rain and snow, but also from high and low temperatures, from noise.
- Ceramics hardly absorb moisture, especially if glazed. In addition, it does not react to ultraviolet, acid and radiation.
- Great weight;
- During construction, a certain angle of inclination of the surface is needed;
- Shingles are the most expensive option in the roofing material catalog.
Ondulin is cellulose fibers pressed under high temperature. They are impregnated with special solutions that allow the layers to better adhere to each other, protecting them from chemical influences.
Dyes can be added to the mixture to set the desired color for future sheets. The result is light and thin (3 mm) sheets, curved in waves. This material is popular in Europe due to the fact that it contains exclusively organic substances.
Ondulin is used not only to cover the roof, but also for peaks or arches, roofs for gazebos. The reason for this is the variety of possible colors, water resistance and ease of installation.
- Due to the special treatment, it does not absorb or let water through, even if placed in a pond. Neither rain, nor hail, nor snow is terrible for an ondulin roof.
- This material is not amenable to chemical and biological influences. This is also due to the substances that impregnate cellulose fibers.
- Sheets of ondulin have a very low weight, which facilitates the work of builders.
- To lay the material on the roof, ordinary tools and superficial skills in construction are enough.
- With improper installation, ondulin loses strength — despite the fact that the sheets themselves do not withstand loads too much.
- Since this material is entirely organic, it burns faster than shingles or slates.
- The material is short-lived — over time, its colors begin to fade, and sometimes a fungus starts.
Metal roofing is most commonly found in cold climates, on rooftops that require strength and durability in the first place. In fact, this is profiled metal, covered with a layer of polymer and modified to look like a tile.
All this is designed to protect the metal from climatic influences and moderate physical impacts. The main components can be aluminum, copper or steel.
- In terms of strength, metal tile is in first place among roofing. It is able to withstand both single impacts and long-term loads.
- The metal tile is a very compact material, while it has a small weight. This does not load the load-bearing walls of the building too much.
- The durability and reliability of this material allow you to cover the roof once, and no longer worry about this. Roofs made of metal tiles can stand for decades without needing repairs. Given the affordable prices for one sheet, this material is considered the most practical.
- A high-quality roof for a house made of metal is fireproof, since the substances in its base are not combustible.
- Due to the strength of the sheets, the installation of metal tiles is very difficult and requires a large amount of material.
- During precipitation, metal strikes sound very loud — additional soundproofing of the ceiling will be required.
- Although metal tiles repel water, condensation can form on the inside if not properly treated.
Often a professional sheet (profiled sheet) is used to cover warehouses or small shops. These are sheets of galvanized cold-formed steel, which are superimposed one on top of the other like tiles, but connected differently.
Lightweight, impact-resistant and relatively cheap material is good for budget buildings. The corrugated board is covered with a polymer coating that protects steel from corrosion, acid and high temperatures — most often it is pural or polyester.
- The profiled sheet is light, shock-resistant and compact, and therefore it is easy to mount and move it. If you need to quickly cover a large area, it is better to use corrugated board.
- It is fireproof — steel sheets will not allow fire to spread.
- The profiled sheet can be covered with paint of any color and texture, «disguised» as other types of roofing for the roof of the house.
- Environmental friendliness and low price.
- The main drawback of this material is zero sound insulation, even sound amplification. So, raindrops will sound like a drum roll, all over the building.
- Although high (or low) temperatures do not affect the protected sheet, it still heats up (or cools down) without maintaining the temperature in the room — additional protection will be required.
Slate is used not only to cover houses, but also to build fences and barriers. It is a dried mixture, sealed with absinthe. Dyes and substances that strengthen the composition can be added to it.
Depending on the composition, there are many types of slate. Therefore, if you have not yet decided how to cover the roof in the country, pay attention to slate.
- This material is durable and strong — it is able not to crack or bend after decades.
- It does not rust, and does not heat up as quickly as other roofing materials.
- In case of fire, such a roof does not ignite.
- Slate is easy to repair and install, and at the same time inexpensive.
- The slate does not let in the noise of hail or rain.
- Under the influence of very high temperature, the slate cracks — which slightly reduces its fire safety.
- The strength of this coating is due to its density — therefore, slate sheets weigh from 20 kg.
- Slate does not repel water well, which is why it quickly overgrows with moss, or absorbs moisture.
Photo tips on how to cover the roof of the house