Small flies flying near the flowers become an extremely unpleasant surprise for the grower. They may seem harmless, but they are far from it. If no measures are taken, very quickly small creatures will “capture” the entire home flower garden, and over time they will completely destroy it. Let’s find out how to get rid of midges in flower pots and what to do so that they do not settle in them words.
Listed the most effective ways to deal with midges in the video
All about the fight against flies in indoor flowers
Varieties of pests
Where do they come from
Signs of infection
— Mechanical cleaning
— Folk remedies
Who lives in a flower
Always moist soil in a flower container is very attractive to different types of insects. Most often, three of them settle here.
- Whiteflies. Small flies of white color, the wings of which are covered with fine pollen. An adult grows to only 2-3 mm. They lay their eggs on the underside of the leaf, where small whitish larvae hatch. They suck the juice from the leaf plate, which withers and curls. Whiteflies settle on any plants, but prefer varieties with juicy and large leaves: fuchsia, begonia, etc.
- Mushroom mosquito (or sciarid). These are black midges, they live in a moist substrate. They also lay eggs there, from which voracious larvae hatch. They feed on the remains of organic matter, find them in the ground. If there is little organic matter, they begin to eat the root processes of the plant, which begins to get sick and dies. Azalea, aloe, different varieties of ficuses are especially attractive for sciarids.
- Nailtails (or podura). These are wingless insects that jump quite far and high. Therefore, some flower growers consider them midges. They live in the ground, prefer a humid environment. The larvae feed on the roots of the flower, quickly destroying the root processes. Sexually mature individuals easily jump from one pot to another, equipping new nests there.
All these species are very dangerous for a home flower garden. You need to regularly inspect your green pets to be sure of their well-being.
Where do they come from
To find an effective remedy for getting rid of midges in indoor flowers, you need to know where they come from. There are not so many ways for the appearance of parasites, we will list the most popular ones.
- Transfer with an infected plant. This happens especially often with shop flowers, which are massively ill.
- Transfer with contaminated soil. The finished substrate can be infected with insect larvae. It is impossible to see this when buying.
- Excessive wetting of flowers. Excess moisture stagnates in trays and attracts parasites.
- Too big flower pots. If the bush cannot “master” the entire volume of the earth, a constantly wet zone is formed from below. This is very attractive to midges.
- Lack of protective nets on windows, ventilation shafts, ventilation ducts. Insects penetrate through them into the apartment and settle in moist soil.
Signs of infection
Small insects are well camouflaged. It is not always possible to immediately notice them. When a lot of flies fly around the bush, the problem is already very running. There are signs that indicate a possible infection. If one or two of these are noted when examining a home plant, the risk that it is infected is very high. If you have all of them, you can be sure that midges have bred in the flower and look for a way to get rid of pests. We have compiled a checklist to check for such signs.
- The bush looks sick. His leaves wither or fall, growth slows down, buds dry up. At the same time, there are no obvious signs of any specific disease.
- The substrate in the container has changed. It becomes like crumpled sand. Sometimes the soil is compacted into a solid lump.
- A whitish coating appears on the leaves and stems.
- The soil loses its color brightness, acquires a grayish tint.
How to get midges out of indoor flowers
There are many methods for the destruction of small pests. We have collected the most effective of them.
These are the safest pest control products for people and pets, since the physical removal of harmful individuals is expected.
- Removing flies with a vacuum cleaner. Household appliances are set to low-power mode, the brush is removed. The tube is carefully driven near the plant and along the windowsill, collecting small insects. At the end of the work, the bag is immediately shaken out on the street.
- Drying of the top layer of soil. The infected specimen is isolated from others and not watered until 3 cm of the top layer of the substrate is dry. If there are larvae in it, they will die, and new parasites will not lay them in dry ground.
- Setting traps. The easiest way is to hang store-bought sticky tapes around the flower or make their own analogue. To do this, a layer of honey or jam is applied to cardboard strips and laid out near the pot. Traps need to be changed regularly as the sticky layer dries out.
- Substrate replacement. The bush is taken out of the infected soil, the roots are washed and treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The container needs to be replaced or at least disinfected. A fresh substrate is poured into it, the prepared plant is transplanted. In the early stages, partial replacement of the earth is possible, approximately 3-4 cm of the upper layer. But this may not be effective.
These are completely safe remedies for midges in indoor flowers. In the early stages of infection, they help to completely get rid of pests. Folk remedies can also be used as a prevention of infection.
- Garlic infusion. To process one plant, you will need an average head of garlic and 0.6 liters of boiling water. Garlic cloves are crushed and poured with boiling water. Leave to infuse for 3-4 hours, then filter. The bush is abundantly sprayed with liquid, the remains of the crushed heads are embedded in the substrate.
- Matches. Four or five matches are inserted into the soil mixture around the stem with their heads down. They are deepened by 2-2.5 cm. Once every two days they are taken out and checked to see if the sulfur has dissolved. If so, replace with new ones. After 7-10 days, the processing is completed. The technique works especially well in combination with garlic solution treatment.
- Peels of citrus. Suitable orange, lemon, tangerine or any other. They are cut into thin strips and inserted into the soil around the stem. Periodically replaced with new ones. Do this continuously for two to three weeks.
Hydrogen peroxide. You can take a liquid or prepare a solution from a liter of water and three tablets of hydroperite. Add 4-5 drops of cinnamon essential oil to the mixture. The resulting liquid is treated with the aerial part of the bush and watered the ground in a pot.
The fastest and most effective way to get rid of midges in flowers. But you need to know that all insecticides are toxic. They are used in the later stages, when other methods no longer help to save the plant. Chemicals come in different forms: sprays, liquids, granules or tablets. In any case, the package indicates the method of application and dosage.
The choice of insecticides is very large. Raptor, Dichlorvos or Reid aerosols, Actellik or Agravertin liquids, Mukhoed and Bazudin granules help well against midges in indoor flowers.
To effectively influence midges, you can use such a scheme.
- An infected specimen is stopped watering two to three days before processing. This is necessary so that the soil mixture dries out 2-3 m deep.
- The drug is prepared for use. This is true for dry forms. A solution is made from them, guided by the dosage on the package.
- The dried substrate is loosened, treated with the preparation and loosened again.
- Cover the bush with a film to get the effect of a greenhouse. Leave for 4-5 hours.
- Remove the film, leave to air.
To prevent insect pests from starting in indoor flowers,
- Humidity should be moderate. Flies love warmth combined with high humidity.
- Watering — only moderate, excess water from pallets must be removed on time.
- When transplanting or planting plants on the bottom of the tank, it is important to lay a layer of drainage. This prevents waterlogging of the substrate.
- Need regular loosening. It helps to drain the top layer of soil, destroys insect larvae that appear on the surface.
Mandatory quarantine for new instances. They are isolated from the home flower garden for 14-18 days.
- Timely removal of fallen flowers and leaves. Rotting organic matter is an ideal environment for pests.
Following these simple rules will help protect the green area in the apartment from the invasion of winged pests. And if they still wound up, quickly and effectively destroy them.