one Get started with plant selection
The volume of the florarium and the composition of the soil depend on the plants, so they are selected in the first place. It must be remembered that green «pets» will have to live in conditions of limited lighting and high humidity. Look for unpretentious species that grow quite slowly. So in the future you will not have to often change the container or open it for trimming.
Unpretentious plants for beginner gardeners
- Moss. You can buy in the store or collect yourself in the forest.
- Ficus. Suitable for large florariums.
- Tradescantia. For a small container, you can cut off a sprig of an adult plant, sprout roots in a glass of water, transfer to the ground.
- Chlorophytum. Take a cutting from an adult plant and root it in new soil.
- Mini ferns. For example, maidenhair, asplenum, pteris.
2 Look for hermetically sealed vessels
Stores often sell open or leaky containers for florariums. Of course, you can plant different plants in them — it will also look beautiful. But it will not be possible to create a closed ecosystem, because moisture will evaporate.
For a real florarium, look for any glass container with a tight-fitting lid. Bottles in the form of light bulbs, flasks for chemical experiments, containers for storing bulk products, closed aquariums are suitable.
3 Don’t Forget Drainage
Water poured into the florarium should circulate throughout the volume, but at the same time not swamp the soil. Therefore, a layer of drainage is necessarily laid out at the bottom of the container. Small crushed stone, expanded clay, small fragments of ceramics are best suited.
The layer depends on the volume of the container and the plants themselves. The more water they need, the thicker the drainage should be. For example, 1-2 cm is enough for moss, 3-6 cm for ficuses. On top of large-format drainage, you need to additionally lay a layer of quartz sand — it will prevent the soil from crumbling to the bottom.
four Choose the right soil
For a florarium with unpretentious plants, a universal mixture from a gardening store is suitable. It is not worth taking nutrient soil — with high humidity, a fungus is more likely to start in it. And the flowers will grow faster, which is undesirable in a limited amount.
Wild plants (moss, clover) can be dug up along with the soil in which they lived. So the seedlings will be better accepted in a new place.
5 Add decor
To make the ecosystem look more interesting, you can add a little decor. Suitable stones, figurines of houses, gnomes, fabulous animals. In the florarium, you can embody a complex plot. Before placing jewelry in a vessel with plants, wipe it thoroughly with a cloth soaked in alcohol.
6 Water gently
Adding the right amount of water is the hardest part of creating a florarium. If there is not enough of it, everything will dry out, if there is a lot, the roots will rot. Therefore, add fluid gradually. Water the plants, leave for a day, close the lid. Wait another day, inspect the florarium. If the walls are very foggy, and drops have formed on the leaves, open the lid, let the excess moisture evaporate a little more. If the soil is too dry, you need to add a little water.
7 Find the right place
The container with plants should not be placed in direct sunlight: for example, on the east or south windowsill. The water inside will overheat, the roots, stems and leaves will begin to rot.
It is better to place the composition in the back of the room: on a coffee table or desktop, cabinet or console. Do not be afraid of a small amount of light, since active growth in this case is still undesirable.