Snow-white things are very effective, but quickly get dirty. Unfortunately, not only spots spoil their appearance. Over time, the fabric may turn yellow or turn red, acquire an unpleasant dirty gray tint. The reason for such changes is not only careless wear, but also care errors. Luckily, they are fairly easy to fix. Let’s analyze the most effective proven ways to whiten white things at home.
Listed in the video are homemade and purchased products that will help restore the lost whiteness to things
All about whitening things
What can be bleached
— Household chemicals
— home remedies
How to bleach yellowed textiles
How to bleach faded things
Rules to know
How can you bleach things
First of all, you need to understand that washing and bleaching are different procedures. The purpose of the first is to remove dirt from the fabric, the second is to restore the lost whiteness. They are carried out in different ways and most often alternately: the thing is first washed and only then bleached. It also happens differently. Chemical preparations are produced, the use of which allows you to combine machine washing with bleaching. In general, there are many bleaching products that restore lost color to clothes. We have compiled a selection of the most effective ones.
There are a lot of bleach chemicals on store shelves. They are produced in different forms: powders, liquids, sticks, pencils. The former are designed to be added during washing and for soaking the entire product. The latter are more suitable for local treatment of stains. The principle of action of drugs is different. Based on this
1. Optical means
They do not affect darkened fibers in any way, but create the illusion of radiant purity. This happens due to small reflective particles that are fixed on the surface of the material. Optical compositions do not always cope with the restoration of white color, they are poorly rinsed out. Therefore, they are practically not produced in a “pure” form, but are added to washing powders or other types of bleaches. For example, in Vanisn Gold or Heitmann.
Examples: «Whiteness», «Mitsuei». The active substance is chlorine. It actively destroys coloring pigments, quickly restores a snow-white shade. But you need to know how to bleach white things with Whiteness. Chlorine is aggressive. It destroys the structure of synthetic fibers, spoils wool and silk. It can only be used for plain cotton or linen. But in this case, you should not get carried away. Frequent use leads to rapid wear of the fabric. You can not use «Whiteness» and similar products for colored products — they will be hopelessly damaged.
3. Oxygen-containing products
The active substance is sodium carbonate. When dissolved, it oxidizes the surface of the tissue. It gets rid of dark plaque, stains and smell. The bleach is active in cool water, does not destroy the fiber structure, and has a disinfecting effect. It can be used for colored laundry, since the coloring pigments are not destroyed. Examples: «Oxygen», «Eco2».
Regardless of the method of exposure to the material, all types of chemical bleaches are used strictly according to the instructions on the package.
If for some reason you don’t want to use chemicals, you can choose folk remedies. Processing will take longer, but the fabric will remain intact and sparkle white.
1. Ammonium chloride
Type in a container of 10 liters of water, add 4-5 tbsp. spoons of ammonia. Dip the thing in the liquid and leave for one and a half to two hours. Rinse well and wash normally. This method can be used for linen or cotton.
2. Hydrogen peroxide
Heat 2 liters of water, dilute 1 teaspoon of peroxide in it. Soak the washed clothes in this mixture for half an hour. Turn clothes over periodically. Then rinse and dry. This technique is suitable for cotton, linen and mixed fibers.
3. Ammonia and peroxide
Take 3 liters of water, dissolve in it 40 ml of ammonia and hydrogen peroxide. The temperature of the solution for cotton and linen textiles should be no higher than 70°C, for silk or wool — no higher than 30°C. Soak washed clothes for 40-45 minutes, rinse.
4. Laundry soap
Rub or otherwise grind the soap. It is better to take a bar of 72% fat. Two st. pour spoons of chips into 5 liters of water, mix well. Soak clothes for two to three hours. Rinse and wash. The action of soap can be enhanced if you additionally dissolve 2-3 tbsp. spoons of any means: baking soda, salt, peroxide or ammonia.
An almost forgotten, but very effective method of bleaching cotton or linen is digestion with laundry soap. Take a metal bucket or a large pot that you won’t cook in again. Pour 10 liters. water, dissolve a bar of grated soap in it. Cover the bottom with an old white cloth, put your clothes on and put the container on the fire. Boil over low heat for 60 minutes, be sure to stir.
This is one of the best ways to whiten whites when they turn grey. Dilute in 1000 ml of warm water 3 tbsp. spoons of salt. Soak grayed products for 40-50 minutes. Rinse and wash.
Helps to get rid of rust and dried sweat. Crush the tablets at the rate of one piece per 1000 ml of water. Dissolve the powder, soak the textile for at least 8 hours. Rinse and wash. Aspirin can be used to lighten wool and silk.
7. Boric acid
1 st. dissolve a spoonful of crystals in 1000 ml of water, soak the cloth, leave for five hours. Rinse and dry. To enhance the effect, dissolve 2 tbsp. spoons of crushed soap. Instead of boric acid, you can take citric acid. The method is good for rough natural materials, it is not recommended to process delicate things in this way.
There are several ways to whiten white clothes with baking soda. Let’s take a look at the simplest one. Dissolve 2-3 tbsp. spoons of soda crystals in 5 liters of heated water. Dip the laundry in a liquid solution and leave for three to four hours, then rinse and wash. Strong pollution can be removed with soda slurry. To do this, mix the powder and some water. Rub the mixture into the dirty areas, leave for half an hour or an hour. Shake off the remnants of gruel, wash the product.
How to bleach yellowed white clothes
You can remove yellowness from clothes and whiten it in different ways. It is necessary to choose the appropriate one, taking into account the type of material. We list several effective methods.
Wool or silk. Dilute in five liters of heated water 1 tbsp. a spoonful of peroxide and ammonia, 4 tbsp. spoons of salt. Mix thoroughly. Dip the textiles into the resulting solution, leave it for two and a half hours. Rinse and wash.
Colored or delicate fabrics. Boil 1000 ml of water, stir in it 1-2 tbsp. spoons of mustard powder. Infuse for three hours, then strain. Soak the product in the mixture for 2-3 hours, rinse well and send to the wash.
Durable cotton and linen materials. In 5 liters of hot water, dissolve half a glass of soap chips and any detergent, pour in 2.5 tbsp. spoons of sunflower oil. Stir, soak textiles for three hours. Rinse and wash.
How to bleach faded whites
Even the most experienced housewives are sometimes faced with the fact that the linen faded during washing. There can be many reasons: along with white textiles, colored ones got in, the pattern on the product faded, or something else. In any case, this can be fixed. Let’s look at several ways to whiten white things that are dyed during washing.
1. Laundry soap
For every liter of water, take 1-2 tbsp. spoons of soap shavings. Moisten the textile, rub it with soap, dip it in liquid for 7-8 hours. Rinse well and launder. Instead of soaking, you can boil textiles for an hour over low heat.
2. Potassium permanganate and soap
In heated water, dilute the crushed soap at the rate of 3 tbsp. spoons per litre. Dissolve a few crystals of potassium permanganate in a glass of water, strain. Add liquid to the solution, mix. Soak faded textiles for two to three hours. Rinse well and launder.
3. Ammonium chloride
Dissolve 20 ml of ammonia in ten liters of boiling water. Soak the faded product in this solution for 2-3 hours. Then rinse and launder. At the last rinse after washing, add conditioner to get rid of the unpleasant smell of ammonia.
This is a radical method that can only be used for dense natural fabrics made of linen or cotton. Prepare the mixture for boiling: dissolve the soap shavings, add a little bleach. Instead, you can take soda ash. Boil over low heat for half an hour to an hour. Let cool, rinse, wash.
Important whitening rules
To return the fabric to a snow-white tone, it is not enough to choose a good bleaching agent. You need to know and follow a few simple rules. Let us briefly formulate them.
- Before processing, read the information on the product label. It describes the composition of the fibers, the permitted and prohibited ways of caring for them. This will help you choose the right bleach.
- Start by removing stains. You can not process a thing with stains. Under the influence of bleach, they can drastically change color or stain the entire product. For example, rust marks break down and give things an indelible dirty red tint.
- Remove colored and metallic decor if possible. Applications or stickers may fade, metal may rust. Clothing with non-removable metal parts should not be soaked in hot water for a long time. Only short-term treatment in a solution heated to a maximum of 40 ° C.
- Before bleaching, separate items from different types of fabrics. Each needs its own treatment. Never bleach cotton, synthetics, wool or linen together. The result will upset: the products will acquire an unremovable ugly gray-yellow tint.
- Rinse the material well after processing. Unwashed detergent residues will dull the fabric after drying. Over time, dark yellow spots may appear.