Comfort in the house is created due to many factors. One of the most important is strict adherence to the rules of installation technology during the construction of the house. At large construction sites, these rules are strictly monitored by the technical supervision of the customer, various inspection commissions. Particular attention is paid to the insulation of wall structures.

Those working in the construction industry know that in order to select a material for this work, it is necessary to carry out a thermal calculation, where the main components take into account the density and thickness of all materials included in the wall pie.

In addition, the climatic conditions of the construction area, the highest positive and negative outdoor temperatures, wind directions (wind rose), the optimal internal temperature of the house and a few more necessary data for calculating the thickness of the insulation are taken into account.

In the construction of urban residential and administrative buildings, several types of insulation are used. As a rule, penoplex is used on the lower level in the locations of the basements. Above, starting from the first floor and up to the top, a mineral plate is fixed.

In the conditions of suburban construction, there is no strict control by state bodies. However, the owners of private houses are no less interested in creating favorable conditions for their living than urban residents. And the issue of insulation is treated very carefully.

Often they themselves have to choose the better to insulate the house from the outside, what type of insulation is better to use. The main emphasis is on the quality of the insulation, its cost, the speed of installation and the use of additional materials for fastening.

As a result, questions often arise. Which is better: penoplex or minplita? How much they differ from each other in their characteristics and price. Is it worth using one type of insulation or is it reasonable to use two types? And an equally important question is whether it is possible to insulate the house from the outside with your own hands if you have already spent a lot on the main construction site by inviting a professional team.

Brief content of the article:

Comparison of types of heaters

To avoid problems in the future operation of housing, you must first familiarize yourself with the technical characteristics of the insulation materials and their relationship with the main structures. Only after receiving complete information about the properties of various heaters, you can safely decide what type of appropriate material you can insulate a house with.

Currently, for external insulation, min-plate, foam plastic and polystyrene are used. When analyzing the comparative characteristics of these materials, the main attention is paid to such properties as:

  • thermal conductivity;
  • density;
  • vapor permeability;
  • water absorption;
  • combustibility and so on.

It is necessary that all of the above properties meet the required standards. This, in turn, will help ensure the safety of the house, the formation of its internal climate and a long service life.

In this matter, the type of the main material of the house structures is important. As you know, it is customary to build housing in a suburban area using wood material, block or brick. The technology of house insulation directly depends on the main types of materials that were used during the installation of the structure structure.

For example, for a wooden house, the best option for insulation would be, of course, a mine stove. Foam insulation of wooden walls is unprofitable for many reasons. First of all, due to the fact that wood is a breathable material, and in the case of using foam, all the important useful properties of the insulation will simply come to naught.

Minplita, in turn, is suitable not only for sheathing external walls, but also for internal partitions, floors and ceilings. Since, together with heat-conducting qualities, it is an excellent noise-absorbing material.

Styrofoam, unlike plate mines, is in excellent contact with wet ground. Therefore, it is more often used as insulation for foundations and various engineering networks passing underground. Due to its internal properties, the foam is able to protect structures for many decades.

In addition to polystyrene, many people think of using polystyrene foam. Conducting a comparative analysis of the properties of materials and finding out their data on thermal conductivity, strength, water absorption, and so on, the majority comes to the conclusion that penoplex is somewhat better. The main disadvantage is the cost.

Insulation with foam plastic will cost one and a half times more than using foam plastic. It is for this reason that it is often rejected, preferring to deal with cheaper insulation. Such reasoning, when the price becomes the dominant component in the choice, can lead to negative consequences.

It is always better to think well in advance, what is better, to conduct insulation cheaper, but worse, or overpay, but end up with a high-quality insulating, protective coating?

However, polystyrene has its advantages over polystyrene. The latter, for example, due to insufficiently good adhesion, is not suitable for mounting on walls above the level of the plinth. Here, preference is given to foam plastic or mineral wool, which is even more acceptable, since, unlike mineral plates, foam plastic and foam plastic are combustible.

Recently, there have been trends in Russia aimed at refusing to use polystyrene foam in the construction of houses. At the same time, it should also be noted that many European countries have already banned the use of such materials due to their toxicity at the time of combustion.

Self-insulation at home

When the issue with the material is finally resolved, it is necessary to determine the procedure for attaching it to the surface. If we are talking about walls and a mineral plate is chosen as a heater, since the house is made of wood, it is necessary to provide for the installation of the frame.

This is all the more important when the house is being prepared for use in the winter and the thickness of the slab should help create a favorable indoor climate.

The frame (preferably metal) fixes the miniplate in the installed position. If there are doubts about the correctness of the work, construction sites on the Internet will provide detailed information on the topic: how to insulate a house from the outside with mineral wool with a detailed description of the stages of work, calculation of the volume of materials and the arrangement of frame racks and cross bars.

For greater convenience, on most construction sites related to this topic, there is a photo instruction on how to insulate the house from the outside. A visual demonstration of work is always better perceived by users. Realizing this, the owners of construction sites often use color photos, as well as video materials.

Online calculators are even more attractive. For those who decide to carry out the insulation of their homes on their own and value their funds, such assistance will come in handy. As a rule, such calculators provide for the calculation norms for specific materials, taking into account their parameters.

Photo tips on how to insulate the house from the outside