Experienced flower growers and those who are just starting to plant houseplants have one thing in common: I want to bring the maximum benefit to flowers so that they continue to grow and please with their appearance. Along with a variety of helpers of varying degrees of effectiveness, the so-called «amber» is used. The use of succinic acid for plants is very wide, it improves the quality of the soil and strengthens the sprouts. What other properties does the magic drug have, for what and in what proportions it is used, as well as precautions — read in our article.

How and why to use succinic acid

What it is
Pros of using
How to mix the solution
Possible applications
— Pre-sowing treatment
— Rooting cuttings
— Root system support
– Help in growth and flowering
— Relief from stress
— Disease control
When is it better not to use the drug
Precautionary measures
How to enhance the beneficial effect

What is «succinic acid» and why is it useful

In appearance, it is a colorless powder, consisting of small crystals and odorless. It dissolves easily in liquids such as water and alcohol. In nature, this chemical is found in almost all plants — and, of course, in amber itself. Buying «amber» is very simple: it is sold in the form of tablets in pharmacies and in powder format in gardening stores.

Some experts argue that it is not worth diluting and using tablets for the home jungle — supposedly the percentage of the active substance may vary, which makes it more difficult to calculate the correct proportions for the solution. However, flower growers use the tableted remedy widely, and following the instructions will help to use them safely and effectively.

Inexpensive powder provides oxygen access to cells, protects against toxins with the help of produced peptides, affects cell metabolism and forms amino acids. All these complex words indicate that «amber» can have the most positive effect on home plants.

  • Strengthens roots.
  • Strengthens immunity.
  • Improves resistance to dryness and low temperatures.
  • Helps to grow green mass faster.
  • Accelerates recovery after past illnesses and provides cell regeneration.
  • Prevents toxins from accumulating in tissues and the earth.

The benefits of the drug

It is not in vain that flower growers love succinic acid — it has a number of advantages, not only regarding the positive effect on seedlings. Let’s consider the main ones.

  • Versatility. If you are concerned about the question of which indoor flowers can be watered with succinic acid, then there is no reason for concern. Calmly process all indoor and garden crops with it. In fact, «amber» is not a fertilizer in the full sense of the word. She does not cancel the introduction of other dressings, but it is difficult to make a fatal mistake when working with her.
  • Safety. The substance does not harm either the bushes themselves, or insects, or animals. Of course, it is important to take precautions and follow the instructions (we will talk about all this a little later), but this applies to any chemistry.
  • Availability. You can buy the drug at a pharmacy or agrochemistry store — of course, without a prescription.
  • Cheapness. The tablet form of release is the most inexpensive — you will have to pay about 25-50 rubles per pack. The powder is a little more expensive, but within 200-400 rubles.

How to breed succinic acid for indoor flowers

And although, depending on the problem and the method of applying the product, the concentration of «amber» will change, the basic algorithm of actions will be the same. Let’s consider it.

  • Read the instructions on the pack carefully. If these are tablets, look at the dosage of the substance and what weight of the tablet is indicated. Put the right amount on a napkin.
  • Cover the top of the tablets and crush with a hard object to a crumbly state.
  • Pour the resulting powder into a container and fill it with warm water. It is better to take a large glass jar, as the volume of the solution will increase further. If you originally had a powder, also just fill it with water.
  • Stir the contents thoroughly with a stick until all the crystals are dissolved. The liquid will become transparent, the precipitate will not remain.
  • Now you need to make an emulsion from a concentrated solution, which will be used directly for your green bushes. Just add 1 liter of water at room temperature to the jar.

The use of succinic acid for indoor flowers

Let’s move on to the most important point — how to feed flowers with succinic acid. There are several ways: watering, spraying, soaking. Each of them will have its own concentration of the active substance.

1. Pre-sowing treatment

Growing seeds is not an easy task, often requiring a lot of time and effort. «Amber» helps to speed up the process and improve germination — for this you need to soak the seeds in its solution. Such a procedure will be especially useful for old stale seeds or, for example, for orchids — they require special conditions.

When preparing an emulsion, add 2 g of acid to warm water and dilute everything with cool water. Soak the seed material in this solution and leave for 24 hours. Then the seeds must be removed, dried thoroughly in the shade and prepared for further planting.

On a note: before sowing, it is possible to treat with a solution not only the seeds of domestic plants — also potato tubers and bulbs of perennial flowers. They need to be sprayed with the same liquid, covered with polyethylene and left for at least a couple of hours.

2. Rooting cuttings

A more concentrated emulsion needs to be made to help plant cuttings take root — for example when you have propagated the mother plant. The preparation procedure is the same, but instead of 2 g, add 5 or 10 g — this will turn out a 0.5-1% solution. Lower the shoot with several leaves into it with a cut end of about 2-3 cm, leave for a day, and then root the bush in a suitable way. It is important to remember here that succinic acid is only an assistant, it does not form new stems and branches, but only promotes the growth of established ones.

3. Root system support

Often the cause of stunting and weakness of indoor flowers lies precisely in the lack of strength in the root system. To solve this problem, a plant transplant is carried out, during which the roots are treated with a remedy. Since the roots are fragile and thin, be extremely careful with them during transplantation and do not completely destroy the earthen clod. It can be sprayed abundantly on all sides with a solution without soaking the roots themselves.

After placing the bush in a new planter, use root watering. The proportions for watering flowers with succinic acid in tablets are as follows: 20 pieces per liter of water. So you get the same 0.2% solution that we wrote about above. Usually tablets «amber» are available in 100 mg.

4. Promoting growth and flowering

To give the plant (whether garden or indoor) the strength to actively grow, bloom and give new shoots, spray its aerial part. This will require a 1% emulsion, that is, with 10 g of «amber». Do not think that the more the better — by arbitrarily increasing the dosage, you will only harm the bush. To improve flowering, carry out the first spraying before it starts, and the remaining 2-3 times during. And to push the development of the green part, irrigate the seedling once every 2 weeks — infrequently, but regularly.

As for domestic specimens, they can be helped to actively grow and bloom with the help of watering. To understand how to water indoor flowers with succinic acid, determine the volume of the pot and the size of the seedling itself. Miniature plants will need a minimum concentration (0.1%) and a rare application — no more than once a month. For larger indicators, you can slightly increase, but still stick to the numbers mentioned above — no more than twice a month, no more than 0.5%.

5. Relieve stress

Spraying will also be useful in cases where the plant does not feel well, but you know that it is not underdeveloped roots. For example, it has just had an illness or it is difficult to adapt to a new pot. The regularity may vary depending on the condition of the flower, but remains within 2-3 weeks. The concentration is better to choose 0.1 or 0.2%.

If you have orchids or other exotic epiphytes, then spraying with an amber preparation will come in handy for them. Even without visible symptoms, they often experience stress from not quite suitable conditions or insufficiently rich substrate. Use the same solution for processing with the same frequency.

6. Disease control

For these purposes, the most active preparation is being prepared — with a 2.5% content of «amber» (25 g of powder is added). The easiest way is to generously sprinkle the aerial part of the plant, this will help in the fight against major diseases. “Copiously” means to create an imitation of a shower so that the solution evenly covers the entire seedling. Once again, we note that this remedy is only a support measure, and for a full treatment it is necessary to use additional preparations, for example, fungicides.

In what cases do not resort to «amber»

  • Autumn and winter. During this period, most indoor plants are in a kind of hibernation, which means that they do not actively increase their green mass and do not bloom. And the introduction of an auxiliary agent can, on the contrary, stimulate growth and color, thereby violating the life cycle. This, in turn, will lead to the depletion of the seedling.
  • In soil with high acidity. Firstly, this applies to horticultural crops, where it can be difficult to regulate the level of acidity. Secondly, some house flowers require more acidic soil (for example, rose and azalea) — in such cases, it is better to simply not use «amber», but to find a suitable alternative.
  • As a stand-alone medicine or supplement. As we have mentioned more than once, succinic acid is not a panacea, and works best in tandem with other drugs.

Precautionary measures

Instructions for the use of succinic acid for plants are not at all complicated — the proportions are clear, the substance itself is not poisonous. But you still need to be careful.

  • Store the tablets or powder in a place where children and pets can’t reach. It is better to organize a separate container with fertilizers and plant accessories and keep it away from food as well. So everyone will be safe, and you will not have to look for this or that remedy.
  • Use disposable gloves. To be safe, you can wear goggles and a mask or respirator. The substance is not dangerous, but additional measures will prevent the powder from accidentally getting on the mucous membranes.
  • The diluted working solution is stored for a maximum of 3 days, it cannot be made «in reserve».
  • When dry, the product can be stored for up to 3 years, do not forget to check the expiration date when buying and do not keep it at home longer than necessary.
  • Some precautions apply to the plants themselves. For example, you can not make the drug too often. Once every 2-3 weeks is optimal regularity. The soil in the pot is limited in volume and does not change for a long time, and the frequent use of «amber» will not improve, but, on the contrary, will disrupt the soil microflora.

How can you enhance the beneficial properties

Some summer residents are not satisfied with the beneficial properties of succinic acid and have found ways to enhance its effect. We will make a reservation that it is better to apply them in relation to garden, and not house plants.

  1. Adding ammonia. The result is ammonium succinate, whose antioxidant and anti-stress properties are even more pronounced. For the mixture, you will need 2 g of «amber», 20-30 ml of ammonia and 10 liters of water. Treat vegetables in the garden with this solution. Among other things, the smell of ammonia will repel some harmful insects.
  2. Addition of fertilizer with potassium salts, sodium and phosphorus. It is also called potassium humate. The resulting combination will “wake up” various microorganisms in the soil, stimulate their activity, thereby improving the air and water permeability of the soil. Experienced gardeners note that such a tandem is especially useful for sandy and clay soils.

Plants

[ad_2]