The devices quickly increase the temperature and maintain a comfortable microclimate in the premises. They also differ from analogues in safety — they do not burn dust (no risk of fire) and do not dry out the air. In this material, we will try to identify the main differences between ceiling appliances and help you make the right choice.
Advantages of infrared heaters
The popularity of these household appliances is justified by a number of advantages, we will consider only the key ones:
- the equipment first heats the surfaces (floors, walls) and furniture, which then heat the air, due to which energy is significantly saved;
- high efficiency — the payback of the device is achieved in 1-2 seasons of use;
- safety — the air does not dry out, it is impossible to get burned about them, dust does not rise;
- the same temperature is maintained throughout the room — near the ceiling, on the floor, in the center;
- compactness, simple installation and silent operation;
- versatility of design — infrared heaters fit into any interior.
An important advantage is the possibility of using such equipment outdoors and in rooms with a low level of thermal insulation. Long-wave healing penetrates deeply into the body and warms it up, and feels like the warmth of the sun. In a house with such a heating device, oxygen is not burned, a microclimate favorable for health is created.
Timberk TCH A3 1000
Price: 3150 rubles
Timberk TCH A3 1000 moved away from the pedestal of our rating. According to user reviews, this heater is one of the best on the market in terms of health effects. Heating power — 1000 W, voltage — 220/230 V. Mounting on the wall or ceiling is possible. Dimensions — 93.5x11x5 cm. Weight — 2 kg.
Timberk TCH A3 1000 is interesting not only for its reasonable price and little damage to health, but also for its design and build quality. Thanks to the high power, heating the room with this model is very fast. For most buyers, this is the best option. It is compact, but despite its size, it is very powerful. If you’re on a tight budget, the Timberk TCH A3 1000 is the one for you.
Timberk TCH A3 1000
Types of infrared heaters
IR heaters are classified according to the place of installation: ceiling, floor and wall. All types are used in everyday life. The choice depends on individual preferences and is often determined by the style of the interior or the area of u200bu200bfree space. In terms of heating efficiency, the ceiling type leads among the rest, subject to the rules:
- taking into account the power of the device, it is suspended at a height of 2-3 meters from the floor;
- the heater is mounted in the center of the room, and with several units — they are installed evenly over the entire ceiling area;
- the installation place is determined taking into account the orientation of the heated zone in relation to the length of the equipment.
First you need to install a thermostat — one in each room. But under certain temperature conditions and a large area of u200bu200bthe room, several such devices may be required. The quantity is determined by the load capacity of the regulator and the power consumption. For IR heaters, it is presented in a wide range from 300 W to 1.5 kW. The height of the equipment suspension is also taken into account: the lower the power, the lower its location, since it determines the intensity and range of heating.
Top 7. Almac IK11
Rating (2021): 4.71
Considered 87 reviews from resources: Yandex.Market, OZON, Otzovik, IRecommend, AllTools
Best quality materials and workmanship The body of the heater is made of durable aluminium. All parts are tightly fitted to each other, so neither dust nor moisture will get inside. The manufacturer himself is confident in the quality of the equipment, as it gives a large guarantee for 5 years.
Almak heaters have long established themselves as reliable, high-quality and durable units. The design is extremely simple: a heating element and a durable aluminum case. There are no additional options and functions here, so there is nothing to break here. The manufacturer himself gives a large official guarantee for 5 years. Such durability is due to high-quality materials and solid assembly, which is noted in every second review. In terms of design, the model is available in beige, white, brown and silver, so you can easily find the best option for your home. The heater could be called ideal if it were not for the lack of a cord and plug in the kit.
Pros and cons
- The model is available in four colors for any room
- Optimum heating power
- Warranty 5 years
- Quality materials
- No cable or plug included
- 15 best electric convectors
The principle of operation of IR heaters
When equipment is installed under the ceiling, the radiation emanating from it heats objects and the floor surface, which transfer heat to the air. In this case, it will be evenly distributed over the entire area. Floor heating will be two degrees higher than the original temperature. It is important that infrared radiation feels similar to solar heat. At the same time, the air itself is not heated, and this feature has become an advantage of infrared heaters over heating convectors.
In a room with IR heating devices, there are no drafts and constant circulation, so there is no dust in the air. Infrared rays practically do not increase its temperature. The airspace is heated by objects and surfaces heated by the equipment.
In addition to the listed advantages, buyers and users note no less important advantages of such devices:
- no need to allocate additional free space for equipment installation;
- quick and easy installation of ceiling models that does not require labor-intensive costs;
- no need to lay expensive heating mains;
- unlike gas and other heating equipment, infrared heaters do not require special permission or project approval;
- fast and uniform heating of the room — after turning on the device, heat is felt immediately;
- efficient and stable operation of equipment in rooms with high humidity and poor thermal insulation;
- the possibility of heating a certain zone — for each area you can set its own degree of heating;
- safety — equipment can be left unattended for a long time;
- no need for regulatory maintenance;
- reliability and long-term operation — such devices serve up to 20 years.
Also, an important advantage of the buyers noted the possibility of installing heaters in open and semi-open spaces: loggias, gazebos, balconies, terraces, and so on.
Conventional infrared heaters are divided into several types, which differ in power supply and mounting method.
In terms of nutrition, there are two options:
- Gas. They have a high calorific value, are less expensive, and can be installed permanently or portable. As a rule, these are products for heating warehouses, workshops and other industrial facilities.
- Electric. A more popular option that is easy to use/configure. Electric models are usually lightweight and have enough power to heat a small room. The disadvantage is the higher cost of paying for light, but this disadvantage is offset by the advantages described above.
According to the installation method, infrared heaters are:
- Floor — placed directly on the floor, easy to use, often have wheels for moving. The downside is the need to place the device on the floor, which makes the device take up a lot of space. In addition, there is a risk of accidentally getting into the equipment while driving (photo below).
- Wall mount — hanging on vertical surfaces using special hooks. The disadvantage is the need to drill holes in the walls for mounting equipment, but this frees up additional space.
- Ceiling – Installed below the ceiling for maximum efficiency and maximum coverage. Suitable for large rooms.
The use of infrared heaters
This equipment can be used as a primary or secondary heating source. Install household appliances in cottages, country houses and apartments. At the same time, there are no restrictions on the choice of premises: rooms, bathrooms, halls, loggias and balconies, and so on.
Infrared heaters are widely used in public places and high traffic: at bus stations, in the subway, restaurants and cafes. They also proved their effectiveness in open and glazed areas: gazebos, verandas and so on. As a source of heating they are used in saunas and baths.
Types of heating elements
The infrared heater can work on the basis of the following types of heating elements:
- Ceramics — devices with such a heating element do not light up, they are very durable. Among their advantages, it is worth noting the absolute harmlessness and low power consumption.
- Halogen: The design contains a halogen lamp. Its filament is made of tungsten or carbon fiber. Such devices generate not only heat, but also light. The main disadvantage of the devices is the harmfulness of short infrared waves, which means that it is not recommended to use halogen stoves in residential premises.
- Mycothermal heating elements are similar to ceramic ones. They are made of metal pipes and are recommended for use in residential areas. The disadvantage of the devices is the characteristic crackling during use.
- Carbon: These heaters feature a quartz tube with a carbon heating coil inside. Such devices are characterized by high efficiency. Their reverse side is high energy intensity and small labor resources. The service life of the insulation usually does not exceed 2 years.
Infrared heaters can be powered by electricity or by LPG. Electric models are the most common, they can be connected to a single-phase or three-phase network. They are used for heating houses, offices, workshops, industrial premises. Gas heaters are less common. Most often they are used for heating open terraces, construction sites, greenhouses.
Thermal power indicates the area for which the heater is intended. In a room of 10 m2 there should be 1 kW of heat output. So, to heat a room with an area of 30 square meters, a heater of at least 3 kW is required. If you use the device as an additional heat source, each «square» may account for 0.6 kW.
Installation and connection of an infrared heater
Installation of this device involves a phased implementation of work, taking into account the following features:
- connecting the equipment to a power source (mains) using a cord with a plug or a conventional mounting block. Used to connect a copper wire with a cross section of at least 2.5 mm2;
- connection through a thermostat is carried out through a three-core supply cable with a cross section that corresponds to the electrical load (recommended PVA 3×1.5);
- the ends of the supply cable are connected to the terminals installed on the device in compliance with the polarity indicated on them;
- connection to a fixed network using a temperature controller is carried out strictly according to the scheme;
- the height of the temperature controller relative to the floor should be 1.5 m;
- do not install the temperature controller in a place where it will be affected by heat sources or drafts.
It should also be borne in mind that we are talking about electrical equipment, so it is recommended to have grounding and provide electrical protection against short circuit current and high currents.
Find out the prices and characteristics of infrared heaters:
- After reviewing the informative descriptions of all models presented on our website;
- Having received comprehensive information by phone
- in St. Petersburg:
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Built-in temperature controllers are used to maintain constant temperature in the devices.
Ceiling heaters are not equipped with a thermostat for two reasons:
- inaccessibility of the installation;
- the thermostat will heat up from the device, so the measurement may not be correct.
The thermostat must be purchased additionally, there are varieties of the device on sale:
- mechanical, equipped with a timer. This is a budget option, the principle of operation is to automatically turn on after a certain period of time;
- electronic. The heater starts to work when the ambient temperature reaches a predetermined temperature. There is fire protection. Equipped with screen
- Programmable or «smart». They maintain the set temperature depending on the time of day. Management can be carried out using a gadget: smartphone or tablet. This is the most expensive option.
Experts recommend purchasing a thermostat from the same company with a heater. You can connect the device without a thermostat, then the heat will flow constantly until it is turned off from the network.
Safety precautions for use
There are several basic rules for the safe use of infrared heaters:
- Regardless of the version, all electric IR heaters must be grounded.
- They cannot be covered with anything from above.
- Under models that get very hot during operation, thermal insulation of the base should be arranged.
- Exposed elements of IR radiation must be periodically freed from accumulated dust, as this can lead to ignition of the device when turned on.
- The operation of devices with open heating elements is strictly prohibited without a safety net.
- Brackets for fixing the product to the ceiling, as well as fastening elements on the device, must be very reliable.
- There must be no flammable objects near the working devices.
- Heaters intended for outdoor use must not be used indoors, especially in residential areas.
Ceiling infrared heaters have a very wide range of models. Therefore, before going to the store, it is worth deciding on the range of requirements for the heating device: what energy source will be used for its operation, where the installation is planned, for what type of heating it is intended.
Once you have a clear idea of what kind of IR heater you need, you can choose from several specific models. In the future, observing the elementary safety rules, you will use it with convenience and comfort. More information on these heaters can be obtained from the video in this article.
Top 5. Nikaten NT 300
Rating (2021): 4.73
Considered 16 reviews from resources: Yandex.Market, OZON, IRecommend
The most reliable The manufacturer gives a guarantee for 5 years, while in every second review they write that the heater has been working for a long time without serious damage.
The safest The body of the heater is completely sealed. It is protected from dust and moisture. In addition, the panel only heats up to 85°C, so you don’t have to worry about it causing a fire or burns.
If you are looking for a reliable, safe, but at the same time inexpensive infrared heater, then the Nikaten NT 300 ceramic panel is an ideal option. In terms of wear and tear, it has no equal — in the reviews they write that with proper care, the structure will last 25 years or more without serious damage. The manufacturer gives a big guarantee for 5 years. If we talk about safety, then everything is thought out here — the sealed case is protected from dust and is not afraid of moisture. It only heats up to 85°C, eliminating the risk of burns or fires. Of course, compared to other models in the rating, the device has a small heating capacity, but for small rooms this is just a godsend.
Pros and cons
- Robust design that will last 25 years without failure
- Large 5 year manufacturer’s warranty
- sealed housing
- Low power consumption
- Safety of use
- small power
- 15 Best Infrared Heaters of 2021