Have you ever wondered how elephants understand each other?
The language of elephants is actually very complex and diverse, scientists have deciphered only a few signals from the whole variety of elephant communication. We will gladly tell you about it.
Elephants make low-frequency sounds that can be heard far away. This allows them to communicate even when one elephant is a kilometer away from the other! Science has studied about 30 uterine elephant sounds. This is a greeting at a meeting, a call to go forward, a cry of a lost elephant, a baby elephant’s request for milk, gentle encouragement, and so on. With the help of a trunk, an elephant trumpets — as if playing a wind instrument. The variety of sounds surprises many scientists. It would seem just a trunk, but how melodious!
Elephants have very little bristle or hair on their skin, it is all riddled with nerve endings and is very sensitive. Therefore, elephants like to touch each other — with their tail, trunk, soles of the feet and torso. Such touches play an important role in strengthening social bonds between individuals. Of course, the strongest connection is between a mother and a baby elephant — the elephant can check with her tail whether the baby is following her, during the rest she exposes her belly to the baby elephant, hugs her trunk reassuringly if she feels that the little elephant needs support. Elephants also often rub against each other when bathing in the mud, and teenage elephants tangibly push, figuring out which of them is stronger.
The sense of smell is the most developed sense in elephants. Still would! After all, their trunk serves them as both a nose and a hand at the same time. If an elephant touches another elephant with its trunk, it will be able to learn a lot of interesting things. The trunk tells the elephant about the sex, age and individual flavor of another individual. Elephants sniff the ground with their trunks and even lift lumps of earth or sand into the air to sniff out important smells and attack the right trail.
Scientists have deciphered about a hundred positions of the body, ears, head and trunk of an elephant that are different in meaning. For example, when an elephant is dissatisfied, it lowers and stretches its head forward, pulling back its folded ears. And by the way one elephant stands next to another, you can understand who has a higher social status.
What do you know about elephants?